Sarah McClendon Papers
Scope and Contents
This collection documents the trailblazing career of Tyler native Sarah McClendon, a professional journalist, news syndication owner, and Washington correspondent. The collection comprises correspondence, publications, research, speeches, photographs, newspaper clippings, audiovisual recordings, drafts, artifacts, and memorabilia from Sarah McClendon’s tenure as a Texas newspaper journalist, veteran, and White House Press Corps member (spanning eleven presidencies, from FDR to Clinton). It also contains personal materials, including family correspondence, photographs, vital records, tax documents, and military service documents. Some of the significant topics represented in these files are veterans rights, with a special emphasis on women veterans and the V.A.; the military, covering her affiliation with the VFW, American Legion, WAC, and DACOWITS; women in journalism, including membership in the National Press Club, Women's National Press Club, Women in Communications, and White House Correspondence Association ; women’s rights organizations, including the Women’s Equity Action League, National Women’s Party, Women Involved in Farm Economics, and Soroptimist International; U.S. Presidents, including details of her personal and professional relationships with the presidents, their family, and their staff; the Texas Delegation in Washington, D.C., with a special emphasis on the activities of the Texas Breakfast Club and the careers of prominent Texas politicians; the defense department and U.S. intelligence agencies; Irish-American heritage, including a 1937 trip to Ireland and her term on the St. Patrick’s Parade Committee; foreign affairs, with a special emphasis on U.S.- Soviet relations, American actions in Cuba, the Iran-Contra affair, and the 1991 invasion of Iraq; World War II; East Texas, with a special emphasis on the oil industry, agriculture, veterans’ health, and Tyler, Texas; aging and the elderly, including A.A.R.P., health care and social security reform.
- Majority of material found in 1931-1994
- Other: Date acquired: 1992-08-01
- McClendon, Sarah (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Some restrictions may apply; consult repository for details.
Biographical or Historical Information
Sarah McClendon was born in Tyler, Texas on July 8, 1910. She graduated from Tyler Junior College and the University of Missouri, School of Journalism. Her first major news story was the New London, Texas school explosion in March 1937. After reporting for local newspapers in Tyler and Beaumont, she enlisted in the Women’s Army Corps where she obtained the rank of first lieutenant. In addition to a position as a Pentagon public affairs officer, she was the first WAC to serve in the Office of the Army Surgeon General. After World War II she remained in Washington and opened the McClendon News Service, a syndication service which primarily served newspapers in Texas. Her columns and newsletters were also syndicated nationally (the most prominent being “Sarah McClendon’s Washington” column and her biweekly newsletter, “Sarah McClendon’s Washington Report.”) As a Washington press correspondent, Sarah McClendon covered eleven presidential administrations, from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Bill Clinton. She also reported regularly on Congress and the Defense Department, in addition to serving as a popular radio and television analyst. Sarah McClendon was also a regular speaker at universities, think tanks, Washington, D.C. events, and programs for veterans, women, and journalists. She authored two books, My Eight Presidents (Wyden Books, 1978) and Mr. President, Mr. President (General Publishing Group, 1996). McClendon was best known for her sharp, direct questions of presidents and public officials. Her inquiries at White House press conferences frequently attracted national attention, including her questions to Kennedy about security risks in the State Department, Eisenhower about mobilizing troops in Lebanon without Congressional consent, and George H.W. Bush about his involvement in the Iran-Contra affair. Further publicity resulted from her questions to President Nixon about delayed GI Bill payments (which resulted in major restructuring at the Veterans Administration) and to President Reagan about his administration’s treatment of women. Sarah McClendon held multiple offices in national organizations, including terms as vice-president of the National Press Club (the first woman to hold the office), president of the American News Women’s Club, vice-chairman of the National Woman’s Party, and president of the Capitol Hill First Friday Club. She also held many appointed offices, including positions on the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS), Veterans Administration Advisory Committee on Women Veterans, the Army Advisory Task Force on Women in the Army Policy Review, and the National Council of the National Woman’s Party. Sarah McClendon received many awards and honors, including a place in the Washington D.C. Society of Professional Journalists Hall of Fame (Sigma Delta Chi); a Headliner award from Women in Communications; First Presidential Award for Covering Washington from the National Federation of Press Women; Media Award from the Veterans of Foreign Wars; the American Woman award from the Women's Research and Education Foundation; the Woman of Conscience Award from the National Council of Women; Association of Government Communicators Award; the Elizabeth Boyer Award from the Women’s Equity Action League; the University of Missouri’s Distinguished Alumnus Award; and the Golden Eagle Award presented to her in 1991 by the University of Texas at Tyler. She passed away in Washington, D.C. in January 2003. Sarah McClendon was survived by her daughter, Sarah Newcomb McClendon, one granddaughter, and one great-granddaughter. Note written by Samantha Winn.
75.00 Linear Feet
84 boxes, 18 scrapbooks, 22 plaques and framed certificates, 32 VHS tapes, 5 oversized folders other_unmapped
55.00 Linear Feet
Language of Materials
Sarah McClendon was an award-winning journalist, syndicated columnist, and Washington, D.C. Press Corp member whose career spanned the terms of eleven U.S. presidents from FDR to Clinton. A native of Tyler, Texas who graduated from Tyler Junior College and the University of Missouri School of Journalism, Sarah McClendon was known for her sharp questions at Presidential press conferences and her coverage of veterans, women, farmers, foreign policy, and regional interests. Materials in this collection consist of professional and personal correspondence, research, drafts of manuscripts and articles, photographs, publications, posters, newspaper clippings, awards, artifacts, and memorabilia which document her prolific career in journalism and her activism on behalf of veterans, farmers, the elderly, and women.
The records are arranged in six series which have been further arranged into subseries. Unless otherwise noted in the series descriptions, the arrangement scheme for the collections was imposed during processing in the absence of a usable original order.
Physical Access Requirements
Use of audiovisual materials may require special equipment or production of listening or viewing copies. Scrapbooks may require special supervision to view, due to preservation concerns.
Source of Acquisition
Method of Acquisition
Purchased by UT Tyler from Sarah McClendon, Washington, D.C., in 1991. The initial transfer of materials took place in 1992. Additional materials were periodically sent to the university by Sarah McClendon until her death in January 2003.
Accruals and Additions
No further accruals are expected.
Other Descriptive Information
My eight presidents /by McClendon, Sarah .Type: BookPublisher: New York : Wyden Books : trade distribution by Simon and Schuster, c1978 .Edition: 1st ed .Description: 239 p.,  leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm .ISBN: 0883261502. Mr. President, Mr. President! : my 50 years of covering the White House / by Sarah McClendon ; with Jules Minton. - Los Angeles, Calif. : General Pub. Group, c1996. - 288 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN: 1575440059
- Journalists -- Texas -- Biography Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- McClendon, Sarah
- American News Women's Club
- Association for Women in Communications
- Journalists--Washington (D.C.)--Biography. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- National Federation of Press Women
- National Press Club (U.S.)
- National Woman's Party
- Presidents -- United States Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Society of Professional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi
- Tyler (Tex.) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Tyler Junior College
- United States -- Politics and government -- 1945-1996 -- Anecdotes Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. Army. Women's Army Corps.
- United States. Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services
- University of Missouri--Columbia. School of Journalism
- Women -- Texas -- Biography Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Women Veterans Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Women journalists -- United States – Biography Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Samantha Winn
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
Part of the The University of Texas at Tyler University Archives and Special Collections Department Repository